Inh.: Dr. Renate Gorre
Fon: +49 (0)7533 97227
Fax: +49 (0)7533 97228
Series in Microelectronics
edited by Luca Benini,
Andreas Dominic Kurth
An Open-Source Research
Platform for Heterogeneous
Systems on Chip
1st Edition 2022. XVI, 264 pages. € 64,00.
Heterogeneous systems on chip (HeSoCs) combine general-purpose, feature-rich multi-core host processors with domain-specific programmable many-core accelerators (PMCAs) to unite versatility with energy efficiency and peak performance. By virtue of their heterogeneity, HeSoCs hold the promise of increasing performance and energy efficiency compared to homogeneous multiprocessors, because applications can be executed on hardware that is designed for them. However, this heterogeneity also increases system complexity substantially.
This thesis presents the first research platform for HeSoCs where all components, from accelerator cores to application programming interface, are available under permissive open-source licenses. We begin by identifying the hardware and software components that are required in HeSoCs and by designing a representative hardware and software architecture. We then design, implement, and evaluate four critical HeSoC components that have not been discussed in research at the level required for an open-source implementation: First, we present a modular, topology-agnostic, high-performance on-chip communication platform, which adheres to a state-of-the-art industry-standard protocol. We show that the platform can be used to build high-bandwidth (e.g., 2.5 GHz and 1024 bit data width) end-to-end communication fabrics with high degrees of concurrency (e.g., up to 256 independent concurrent transactions). Second, we present a modular and efficient solution for implementing atomic memory operations in highly-scalable many-core processors, which demonstrates near-optimal linear throughput scaling for various synthetic and real-world workloads and requires only 0.5 kGE per core. Third, we present a hardware-software solution for shared virtual memory that avoids the majority of translation lookaside buffer misses with prefetching, supports parallel burst transfers without additional buffers, and can be scaled with the workload and number of parallel processors. Our work improves accelerator performance for memory-intensive kernels by up to 4×. Fourth, we present a software toolchain for mixed-data-model heterogeneous compilation and OpenMP offloading. Our work enables transparent memory sharing between a 64-bit host processor and a 32-bit accelerator at overheads below 0.7 % compared to 32-bit-only execution. Finally, we combine our contributions to a research platform for state-of-the-art HeSoCs and demonstrate its performance and flexibility in multiple case studies.
Keywords: Heterogeneous (Hybrid) Computing Systems, Parallel Processors, Shared Memory, On-Chip Networks, Hardware/Software Interfaces, System Architectures
About the Author:
Andreas Kurth was born in Switzerland in 1990. He received his MSc degree in electrical engineering and information technology from ETH Zurich in 2017. He then joined the group of Prof. Dr. Luca Benini at the Integrated Systems Laboratory (IIS) at ETH Zurich. His research interests include the architecture and programming of heterogeneous systems on chip (SoCs) and accelerator-rich computing systems.
Direkt bestellen bei / to order directly from:
Hartung-Gorre Verlag / D-78465 Konstanz / Germany
(0) 7533 97227 Telefax: +49 (0) 7533
http://www.hartung-gorre.de eMail: email@example.com